Comparing instead of Assigning
The code uses an operator for comparison when the intention was to perform an assignment.
In many languages, the compare statement is very close in appearance to the assignment statement; they are often confused.
The following examples help to illustrate the nature of this weakness and describe methods or techniques which can be used to mitigate the risk.
Note that the examples here are by no means exhaustive and any given weakness may have many subtle varieties, each of which may require different detection methods or runtime controls.
The following example demonstrates the weakness.
The following C/C++ example shows a simple implementation of a stack that includes methods for adding and removing integer values from the stack. The example uses pointers to add and remove integer values to the stack array variable.
The push method includes an expression to assign the integer value to the location in the stack pointed to by the pointer variable.
However, this expression uses the comparison operator "==" rather than the assignment operator "=". The result of using the comparison operator instead of the assignment operator causes erroneous values to be entered into the stack and can cause unexpected results.
This category identifies Software Fault Patterns (SFPs) within the Unused entities cluster (SFP2).
Weaknesses in this category are related to rules in the Miscellaneous (MSC) section of the CERT C++ Secure Coding Standard. Since not all rules map to specific weaknes...
This view (slice) covers all the elements in CWE.
This view (slice) lists weaknesses that can be introduced during implementation.
This view (slice) covers issues that are found in C++ programs that are not common to all languages.