Improper Control of Dynamically-Identified Variables

The product does not properly restrict reading from or writing to dynamically-identified variables.


Many languages offer powerful features that allow the programmer to access arbitrary variables that are specified by an input string. While these features can offer significant flexibility and reduce development time, they can be extremely dangerous if attackers can modify unintended variables that have security implications.


The following examples help to illustrate the nature of this weakness and describe methods or techniques which can be used to mitigate the risk.

Note that the examples here are by no means exhaustive and any given weakness may have many subtle varieties, each of which may require different detection methods or runtime controls.

Example One

This code uses the credentials sent in a POST request to login a user.

//Log user in, and set $isAdmin to true if user is an administrator

function login($user,$pass){
  $query = buildQuery($user,$pass);
  if(getUserRole($user) == "Admin"){
    $isAdmin = true;

$isAdmin = false;

The call to extract() will overwrite the existing values of any variables defined previously, in this case $isAdmin. An attacker can send a POST request with an unexpected third value "isAdmin" equal to "true", thus gaining Admin privileges.

See Also

Comprehensive Categorization: Injection

Weaknesses in this category are related to injection.

Resource Management Errors

Weaknesses in this category are related to improper management of system resources.

Comprehensive CWE Dictionary

This view (slice) covers all the elements in CWE.

Weaknesses Introduced During Implementation

This view (slice) lists weaknesses that can be introduced during implementation.

Weakness Base Elements

This view (slice) displays only weakness base elements.

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